NATIONAL INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
The National Incident Management System (NIMS)is a standardized and flexible framework that allows government and private organizations to work together to manage any disaster situation. By Presidential Directive, the Department of Homeland Security was tasked with the development of a national Incident Management System. All state and local emergency organizations must adopt NIMS as a condition of Federal preparedness assistance (grants, contracts and other activities) by FY 2005. All Federal disaster workers, including DMAT and Burn Specialty Team members are required to be trained in NIMS
NIMS incorporates many of the concepts of the Incident Command System (ICS) as a 'best practice'. The Incident Command System was developed by an intra-agency (Federal, State and Local) task force in California, in response to a major wildfire incident in 1970 where 16 lives were lost, 700 structures were destroyed, and over a half-million acres were burned. As a result, the Congress mandated that the U.S. Forest Service design a system that would "make a quantum jump in the capabilities of Southern California wildland fire protection agencies to effectively coordinate interagency action and to allocate suppression resources in dynamic, multiple-fire situations." Varients on the ICS system include the Fireground Command (FGC) system developed by the Phoenix, AZ Fire Department, and the Standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System (NFPA 1561, 2005) developed by the National Fire Protection Association.
The model NIMS ICS curriculum organizes four levels of training:
National Incident Management System Resources:
The NIMS website is located at www.fema.gov/nims
An on-line ICS Introduction course (IS-700) is available from the FEMA Emergency Management Institute (link here). This course can be completed in a few hours. Anyone involved in disaster planning, including hospital administrators should take this course. The NIMS introductory course very likely will be a required in FY'06 for state, territorial, tribal and local personnel who have emergency assignments at any level of government.
Download the NIMS self-study guide here:NIMS-Self-Study Guide.pdf
ICS 100 and ICS 200 level courses are available online thru the FEMA Emergency Management Institute at http://training.fema.gov/EMIWeb/IS/crslist.asp
Incident Command System
FEMA on-line Basic ICS Course (IS-195) link
FEMA additional ICS Course for Federal Disaster Workers
The NFPA standard on Emergency Services Incident Management System (NFPA 1561, 2005) can be purchased as a print or downloadable document from the NFPA website www.nfpa.org
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